A few months ago, I was lucky enough to be “the chosen one” at our consulting firm to join the rest of our team working at the Foundery. I was told that the Foundery was all about developing FinTech capabilities to solve inherent challenges within banking in a unique way. Thus, we had to be up-to-date with the new technologies in this space. “RegTech” was one of these new technologies that were on our radar, and I had to develop a research pack on it… My initial reaction was that of a student opening up her exam paper having no idea where to begin… and in this case, there would be no “winging it” either! Yet, as I embarked upon this journey, I was fascinated by the immense potential of reducing compliance costs for financial institutions using this technology of today to facilitate the delivery of regulatory requirements in an innovative way and wanted to delve deeper into this amazing world of RegTech. So, here are some of my discoveries from this journey:
What is RegTech?
RegTech, as the word suggests, is an amalgamation of regulation and
technology, a niche carved out from Fintech. Javier Sebastián, BBVA Research’s expert in digital regulation, also explains that it is deemed a subarea of what is generically known as Fintech. He adds that RegTech providers who are, “harnessing the capabilities enabled by new technologies such as cloud computing, big data, and blockchain, are devising solutions to help companies across all sectors of activity ensure that they comply with regulatory requirements.”
What type of solutions does RegTech offer?
Globally, RegTech encompasses many different technologies that can reduce the cost of compliance & show commitment to high standards of regulatory compliance, through the use of advanced data analytics, risk & control convergence, and sustainable & scalable solutions. The solutions can fall into three buckets: Interpretation, Implementation & Optimisation.
- Interpretation solutions are solutions that help in decoding regulatory requirements. These include regulatory gap analysis tools, compliance universe tools and training tools to track and understand the regulations & help build risk management plans thereof.
- Implementation solutions assist in doing the actual work to meet the regulatory requirements. These include regulatory reporting & health check tools, incorporating everything from compiling and interpreting data, to producing gap analyses and ad-hoc reports.
- Optimisation solutions are customised solutions that simplify the compliance process further, on an organisation level, through automation and machine learning. Management information, transaction reporting & analysis, and case management tools fall under this category. These tools empower compliance functions to make informed risk choices based on data-provided insights about the compliance risks the company faced and how it mitigates and manages risks.
Is there really a need for RegTech?
The cost of compliance in the financial services industry is high, and continuously rising, with the supervisory backdrop growing more complex, and constantly changing regulations and processes. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau of the United States of America, on an average, large banks with an asset size of $1 billion to $100 billion, have total compliance costs of 1.4% of estimated retail deposit operating expense. Operations, HR and IT carry the largest share of these costs. The cost of non-compliance is even higher than the cost of compliance, with increasing penalties and fines paid by banks year-on-year.
Investments in regulatory software have the potential to address this immediate challenge of regulatory compliance which can lead to an ROI of 600+% with a payback period of less than three years, according to letstalkpayments. Hence, the global demand for regulatory, compliance and governance software is expected to reach USD 118.7 billion by 2020. But, yet it still remains a relatively small recipient of Fintech funding. This is because dominant, widely used solutions are yet to emerge, and financial institutions are often still unfamiliar with the technology. Regulatory reform is also not yet complete; uncertainty about the exact reporting requirements makes it harder for financial institutions to choose a particular compliance solution.
Is RegTech here to stay?
With growing regulations, there is a growing demand to oversee data, reporting, and operational processes. A growing number of start-ups have the potential to meet this demand. But, RegTech is about the application of technology to solve a specific regulatory problem, rather than the technology itself. Thus, each of the key players in the system has a distinct role to play in the growth of this technology, through the development of common industry solutions and successful integration into risk management frameworks within the wider regulatory change agenda. Financial Institutions have a primary responsibility for supporting this development, by creating IT and risk infrastructures that are capable of integrating these new solutions.
Supervisors and regulators can also provide support by creating an enabling regulatory environment, where financial institutions can safely share their challenges in compliance and opportunities. The UK is taking the lead to encourage the rest of the world to follow suit. In 2015, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) announced its 2016/17 business plan focussed on supporting the widespread adoption of RegTech. The FCA, through its ongoing roundtables and bilateral meetings, has provided a platform for collaboration between software developers, financial institutions and the public sector.
My final take on this?
South Africa has a lot of catching up to do!
by: Rachana Bedekar